What Is Alcoholism?
Alcoholism signs and symptom is a drug. Alcoholism, also known as alcohol dependence, is a
drug addiction (a-DIK-shun), in which people have a strong craving to
keep using alcohol even though it causes repeated problems at home,
school, or work. Some people call alcoholism a disease because risk factors
may be inherited. For certain individuals, often called alcoholics, any use
of alcohol predisposes them to use more and more of the substance at the
expense of their health and ability to function at work or school.
The key traits of alcoholism are:
■ Craving: a strong need to drink
■ Loss of control: the inability to limit drinking
■ Tolerance: the need for ever-increasing amounts of alcohol in order
to feel its effects
■ Withdrawal: physical symptoms that occur when alcohol use stops
after a period of drinking
Alcoholism has little to do with what kind of alcohol people drink,
how long they have been drinking, or even how much they drink. What
is important is the person cannot control the craving for alcohol, which
explains why it is so hard for alcoholics to stop drinking. They may feel
the need for alcohol as strongly as other people feel the need for food and
water. Although some people are able to break the grip of this powerful
craving on their own, most need help to do so.
Read More About: Alcoholic Gastritis Affected And Treatment
What Is Alcoholism signs and symptom Abuse?
Alcohol abuse refers to overuse of alcohol that can lead to alcoholism.
Alcoholics recognize they cannot drink any amount of alcohol and limit
the amount they consume. If they begin drinking, they cannot stop. By
contrast, alcohol abusers can limit their drinking, but they choose to drink
to excess on certain occasions. Thus, when they abuse alcohol, they can
get into as serious trouble as any other drunk person can. The distinction
between alcohol abuse and alcoholism is a matter of degree, both in behavior
and dependence. Abusers of alcohol can experience loss of control and
physical signs of tolerance, but if they choose to stop drinking they do
not experience painful withdrawal symptoms. Generally speaking, alcohol
abuse is a less serious problem than alcoholism, but it still can have very
serious consequences. Some symptoms of alcohol abuse are as follows:
■ Failing to meet responsibilities at home, school, or work; for example,
neglecting chores at home or skipping classes due to drinking
■ Drinking in situations that are physically dangerous; for example,
just before or while driving a car
■ Getting into alcohol-related trouble with the law; for example,
being arrested for underage drinking, disorderly conduct, or driving
under the influence (DUI)
■ Continuing to drink despite relationship problems that are caused
or made worse by alcohol; for example, getting into arguments
with parents or physical fights with friends or siblings
Alcohol abuse can follow different patterns. Some people are binge
drinkers, which means they drink only on certain days, such as on the
weekend, and they drink to excess (five or more drinks at one time). Binge
drinkers often have accidents that hurt themselves or others or engage in
activities while they are drunk that they regret later when they are sober.
They are at risk for becoming heavy drinkers (five or more drinks at one
time, occurring five or more days per month). Heavy drinkers, in turn,
are at risk for becoming alcoholics, because alcohol abusers are at high
risk for developing alcoholism.
Also Read: drug symptoms treatment and maintenance
What Are the Short-Term Risks?
Alcoholism signs and symptom dulls the senses, slows reaction time*, decreases coordination, and
impairs judgment. It is little wonder that alcohol use is a major risk factor in
accidents and injuries. Death by injury is the leading cause of death among
individuals from 15 to 20 years of age, and underage drinking is often
involved. About two of every five traffic deaths in this age group involve
alcohol. Individuals who begin drinking before the age of 15 are seven times
more likely to be involved in a alcohol-related car accident in their lifetime,
and they are five times more likely to develop alcoholism as an adult.
Alcohol robs people of their ability to think clearly. As a result, people
are more likely to engage in risky sexual activity when they are drinking.
Thus, they are at higher risk of unwanted pregnancy or sexually transmitted
disease*. In addition, some boys believe that it is okay to force a girl to
have sex if she is drunk. As a result, girls who drink are at greater risk of
being raped* by someone they know. Alcohol is involved in many cases
of date rape. Finally, the inability to think clearly causes people who are
drinking to take dangerous risks, such as driving under the influence or
engaging in daredevil stunts.
What Are the Long-Term Risks?
Alcoholism signs and symptom not only disrupts people’s lives but also destroys their health.
Long-term, heavy drinking affects almost every organ in the body.
The physical risks caused by alcoholism include:
■ Liver* disease. More than 2 million Americans have an alcohol related
liver disease. Alcoholic hepatitis (he-pa-TY-tis) is inflammation
of the liver, whereas alcoholic cirrhosis (si-RO-sis) is scarring
of the liver. The alcohol-related liver disease can cause chronic illness
■ Heart disease: Long-term, heavy drinking raises the risk of high
blood pressure, heart disease, and some kinds of stroke*.
■ Cancer: Long-term, heavy drinking increases the risk of cancer of
the mouth, throat, esophagus*, larynx*, stomach, pancreas*, liver,
and possibly the colon* and rectum*. In addition, women who
have two or more alcoholic drinks per day have a slightly higher
than average risk of breast cancer.
■ Disease of the pancreas. Pancreatitis (pan-kree-a-TY-tis) is inflammation
of the pancreas. It can cause severe abdominal pain, weight
loss, and death.
■ Mental disorders: Long-term, heavy use of alcohol can cause or
worsen several mental disorders, especially depression and anxiety
Alcohol can also interfere with the body’s ability to absorb and use
vitamins, especially the B vitamins. Vitamin deficiency can damage the
brain and cause problems with thought and memory. In severe cases, it
can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff (VER-ni-kee-KOR-sa-kof) syndrome,
the early symptoms of which include double vision, repetitive movements,
and loss of coordination. If left untreated, this syndrome leads to
irreversible mental impairments.